Echinacea pupurea Overview Page

Permission granted to use by Hedwig Storch

Common Name

Eastern Purple Coneflower

Taxonomic Classification

Asteraceae family

Drug Uses

Native Americans used Echinacea purpurea for many years as a folk medicine, but it was recognized to produce compounds that stimulate immune response. Several classes of chemicals from E. purpurea are currently used to show this immune response. For example alkamides, and echinacosides are used, but most often chemicals are not separated, and what is given to the patient is an extract of the plant.

Chemical Structure: Cichoric acidClinical TrialsMajor Metabolites
  • Cichoric acid
  • Echinacoside
  • Undeca-2E/Z-en 8, 10-diyonic acid
  • Dodeca-2E, 4E, 8Z, 10E/Z-tetraenoic acid isobutylamide
  • Dodeca-2E, 4E, 8E, 10E-tetraenenoic acid isobutylamide
  • Trideca-2E, 7Z-diene-10,12-diynoic acid isobutylamide
  • Tetradeca-8Z-ene-11,13-diyn-2-one
  • Pentadeca-8Z,11E,13Z-trien-2-one

Enzyme Information

Enzyme NameEC NoGenbank AccessionGI No

Entries in Genbank

dbEST/(Kb) dbGSS/(Kb) dbPLN/(Kb) dbHTG/(Kb) Total Entriesa/(Kb)

aThe Total Entries column is the sum of the entries from the dbEST, dbGSS, dbPLN, and dbHTG columns. Data retrieved from NCBI on May 14 2010.

Transcript Assemblies


    Cloned Genes

    • N/A

    Pubmed Records

    See all Echinacea pupurea papers within last Week, Month or Year.